Kurt und Ursula Schubert Archiv


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Lecture: History of Austrian Judaism

Professor Kurt Schubert’s lecture notes on The History of Austrian Judaism cover the period from the first known medieval sources to post-Second World War. In addition to a comprehensive overview, Professor Schubert places personal emphasis on certain aspects, such as anti-Semitism in the Catholic Church or the Vienna Gesera (the persecution of Jews in Vienna in 1421), for which there are many literature references in the handwritten notes. Despite the vastness of the time span, his analysis of the sources is precise and enables his listeners thorough academic access to the various periods.

The lecture can be divided into ten units with several inserts and source texts. These lectures were held by Professor Schubert from the winter semester 1971-1972 to the year 2007 in a four semester cycle. Professor Schubert was thus the first person to lecture on Austrian Judaism since the National Socialist period in Austria. For many listeners his lectures were the first contact with Jewish history; he thereby set the standard for further work in this field at Austrian universities.

The present body of texts covers the original text of Emperor Friedrich II’s Jewish Edict for Vienna, 1238, as well as Duke Friedrich’s 1244 Jewish Edict for Austria. This material also contains a short text from the Studia Judaica Austriaca, vol. 1: Judaism in 1848, the year of the Revolution. Eisenstadt: Roetzer, 1974, entitled: Der Gefallenen (To the Fallen).


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Jewish History as the site of Jewish Identity

The fragment of the unpublished work Jewish History as the Site of Jewish Identity by Professor Kurt Schubert consists of six completed chapters of the originally planned fourteen, the project having been cut short by his death in 2007. It deals with Jewish identity in Antiquity. Professor Kurt Schubert examines the rise of monotheism in Judaism and discusses various passages of the Tanach in this regard. In the following chapters his observations stretch from the Hellenistic period to the first century after Christ. There are also handwritten notes on each chapter, including those of the unfinished parts of the book.


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Jewish identify from the Babylonian Exile until the Present. Jewish History and Jewish Identity.

The material for the book project Jewish History as the Site of Jewish Identity contains notes for all the envisaged chapters. The project could not be completed because of Professor Kurt Schubert’s death in 2007.

Beginning with Antiquity, the work would have also dealt with the Middle Ages, (i.e. Maimonides), Jewish art, as well as developments in the history of the modern era and present. The last chapter would have addressed the issue of Jewish identity in the period after the Second World War and the Shoah.

Additional, but not uploaded material, includes Ursula Schubert’s article: What is Jewish in Jewish Visual Arts?, Kairos, 27, 1985, p. 269-278, as well as two pages by Kurt Schubert: The Religion of post-Biblical Judaism, Vienna, Herder, 1955, p. 187 ff. and 199. There are also edited letters: David Friedländer to Meier Eger (30 March 1799, Berlin) and Moses Moser to Immanuel Wohlwill (May, 1824). The first completed chapter of the book project can be found here: phaidra.univie.ac.at/o:438718


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History of Austrian Judaism

Professor Kurt Schubert completed The History of Austrian Judaism shortly before dying, but the work was not published until 2008, after his death.

The book begins with the origins of Austrian Judaism and takes a brief look at Roman Antiquity and then at the developments of medieval Jewish communities from the modern era to the present day. Several chapters are dedicated to the Shoah, as well as to the post-War period. The work is based on his decade long lecture series on the introduction to the history of Austrian Judaism, which can be found on the Phaidra Platform: phaidra.univie.ac.at/o:426683

The remarkable list of sources and literature references provide a deep insight into Professor Schubert’s working methods.


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Lecture: Israel’s History

Although the typewritten lecture text is about the history of life in the Diaspora, it also looks at the pre-history and early days of Israel. Further units address Judaism during the Hellenistic period and in the Roman Empire, the first early Christian polemics, developments in the Middle Ages, especially during the Crusades, as well as of modern age currents, such as Sabbateanism (a messianic movement around Sabbatai Tsevi in the seventeenth century). Schubert’s discourse ranges from the history of emancipation to growing anti-Semitism until the Shoah and ensuing contemporary events.

The issue of discrimination and social positioning is the main topic of the paper, which spans a large period of Jewish history. The author’s handwritten comments are also of interest. The following Reich Law Gazettes (Reichsgesetzblätter) were provided at the lecture: Berlin, 7 April 1933 Nr: 34, Berlin, 16 September 1935 Nr. 100; Berlin, 14 November 1938 Nr. 189; Berlin; 5. September 1941 100; Berlin, November 1941; Berlin, 26, April 1942.


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Lecture: Christianity and Judaism in Vienna and Austria before the 1848 Revolution until the Occupation on March 11, 1938.

Kurt Schubert’s lecture Christianity and Judaism in Vienna and Austria before the 1848 Revolution until the Occupation on 11 March 1938 outlines the course of Jewish history. From the beginning of the 19th century the Jewish community grew from a small and tolerated entity into a pluralistic and prospering part of society. Professor Schubert pays special attention to anti-Semitic trends by showing texts published during those decades, thus giving the listeners a better grasp of Austrian history between 1848 and 1938. The lecture ends with the rise to power of the National Socialists in Austria and its consequences. Handwritten comments on the bibliography of the text, as well as keywords can be found attached.


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Seminar: The Meaning of Prophecy in Medieval Jewish Philosophy of Religion

The notes of this text contain the central themes of a seminar Professor Kurt Schubert held in the year 2001. Maimonides’s theories are a major topic here, but other medieval philosophers are also discussed. The Maimonides Mishna Commentaries (Chagigah 2, 1), The Thirteen Principles Of Jewish Faith by Maimonides and Avor de-Rabbi Nathan were also used as accompanying texts, but were not uploaded.


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Seminar: Jewish Identity in Art and Culture

This E-Book consists of a seminar Professor Kurt Schubert gave in the summer semester 2002. Several different periods are discussed here, from Antiquity to the modern age; there is an overview of all the topics treated on the first page. Additionally, there are notes for a general introduction to Jewish art, as well as comments on the illuminated manuscript of the Vienna Genesis.


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Seminar: Crisis and Identity in Judaism

These are notes for a seminar given by Professor Kurt Schubert in the summer semester 1996. The scope of the themes begins with the Jewish image sources from Hellenism and ends with Jewish identity after the Shoah. The list of literature references forms the main bulk of the notes.


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Seminar: Judaism in the 19th century

This seminar was held by Professor Kurt Schubert in the summer semester 1998 and is in keywords. There are literature references to the individual sections of the seminars. The topics are inner-Jewish developments and well as anti-Semitic trends in the 19th century.


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Seminar: Austrian Judaism

These notes form the content of a seminar held by Professor Kurt Schubert between 1995 and 1999. There is a list of themes of the particular units, as well as comments on the seminar.


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Seminar: From Messianism to Zionism

These notes are for the From Messianism to Zionism lecture Professor Kurt Schubert held in the summer semester of 1997. A list of themes for the individual sections of the teaching course is provided.


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Seminar: Sources for 19th and 20th century Jewish History

This E-Book contains notes for the seminar that Professor Kurt Schubert held in summer semester 2004. Literature reference lists are given for the various topics. Attached, but not uploaded, was a handout for the lecture, which had been kept by a student.


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Lecture: From Race Hatred to Genocide

All that is known about this lecture is that it was held in Vienna. Professor Kurt Schubert discussed 20th century anti-Semitism and publications promoting it, as well as the ensuing policies of the National Socialists to exterminate Jews.


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Lecture: The Middle East Conflict and its Historical Conditions, its Difficulties and Resolutions

This lecture was held in Vienna by Professor Kurt Schubert on 10 September, 1980. It contains the most important elements of Zionism, as well as the genesis of the state of Israel and some comments on the political situation in the Near East.


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Zionism

In this text Professor Kurt Schubert looks at Zionism, addressing its beginnings, its religious roots and its most prominent representatives and pioneers. The script also contains commentaries and corrections made by the author, as well as source references in the text.


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Lecture: Zionism as a Cultural Historical Phenomenon

The lecture held on 6 November 1970 by Professor Kurt Schubert in Kiel examines the roots of Zionism. The notes provide information about the source texts used. Various positions on the topic are also presented.


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Forty Years of the State of Israel, Historical Background to the Middle East Conflict

The first part of the notes deals with the history of Israel. With a short introduction, Professor Kurt Schubert discusses Israel from the beginning of its founding. The second part was given as a lecture at the Brigittenau Community College on 30 May, 1970 and considers the conflict in the Middle East.


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Jewish Identity in the Shadow of the Holocaust

In these notes Professor Kurt Schubert sketches a historical overview of Jewish identity, with a modern historical emphasis; he then analyses the connection between Jewish identity and the Shoah.


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